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Microdermabrasion vs. Microneedling

Kristina Cadwell  
August 9, 2022  

Similar in name, microdermabrasion and microneedling are cosmetic procedures that treat similar skin concerns using different technologies. Let’s see how they work, what to expect from the treatments, and how to choose between them.

Microdermabrasion vs. microneedling

What Is Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive cosmetic treatment that uses mechanical abrasion to resurface the skin’s top layer. It was introduced in 1985 as a less aggressive procedure than dermabrasion and chemical peels.

How Does It Work?

Microdermabrasion involves using a wand-like device to “sandpaper” the skin’s top layer. The device exfoliates the skin by spraying tiny crystals (usually aluminum oxide) on the skin’s surface or by scraping off dead cells using a rough-textured diamond tip.

The exfoliation results in brighter, more even-toned skin. The mildly abrasive process also stimulates the body to produce more collagen, gradually improving the skin’s texture and helping to reduce acne scars, wrinkles, large pores, and hyperpigmentation.

Microdermabrasion is an excellent standalone procedure, but it can also be combined with laser, chemical peels, microcurrent, and other cosmetic treatments.

Procedure

The procedure is painless and doesn’t require numbing cream. The medical provider first cleans the patient’s skin. They then move the microdermabrasion handpiece across the patient’s skin in all directions to rub off dead cells and impurities. The device’s built-in vacuum removes the crystals, dead cells, and impurities. Alternatively, a washcloth is used.

Many providers apply serums after the procedure because exfoliation improves the penetration potential of active ingredients. The serums applied after microdermabrasion usually contain vitamins C, E, and A.

One microdermabrasion session lasts 15-60 minutes, depending on the treatment area size, and patients usually require at least six treatments spaced several weeks apart to achieve desired results.


Note: Learn how to rejuvenate aging skin with microdermabrasion and other cosmetic treatments.


Recovery

Microdermabrasion is among the gentlest cosmetic procedures and requires little to no downtime. Common side effects include a feeling of tightness, redness, and swelling, which disappear after a few days. Avoid scratching the treatment area, tanning and hot baths for at least one week, and strenuous physical activity for 24 hours.

Cost

Microdermabrasion costs vary depending on the patient’s skin concern, desired effects, and the medical provider’s experience. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, the average cost of a microdermabrasion session in 2020 was $167.

What Is Microneedling?

Microneedling is a non-invasive cosmetic treatment that appeared after microdermabrasion. It also treats various skin concerns by stimulating collagen production. However, instead of using crystals or a diamond-encrusted tip for mechanical abrasion, microneedling involves making tiny punctures on the skin’s surface.

How Does It Work?

Microneedling uses a handheld device with hundreds of tiny needles to make controlled wounds on the skin’s surface, triggering the body’s healing mechanism and increasing collagen production. The result is a gradual improvement in skin tone and texture and an alleviation of conditions such as wrinkles, acne scars, hyperpigmentation, large pores, stretch marks, and hair loss.

To deliver more effective results, skin experts often combine microneedling with treatments such as radiofrequency and LED light therapy.

Procedure

Microneedling is more painful than microdermabrasion, and medical providers typically apply a numbing cream on the treatment area after cleansing the patient’s skin. They move the microneedling device over the patient’s skin in all directions for approximately 20 minutes, causing controlled injury. Finally, they apply a serum with anti-aging ingredients such as hyaluronic acid and growth factors to take advantage of the skin’s increased absorbency.

Recovery

Microneedling usually causes redness, swelling, and bruising in the treatment area, side effects that disappear after up to two weeks. The procedure doesn’t involve serious complications and is considered safe for healthy adults. Avoid tanning, strenuous physical activity, and applying pressure to the treated area to minimize side effects.

Cost

At Vibrant Skin Bar, one microneedling session costs $300. The total cost depends on the number of required treatments.

Pros and Cons of Microdermabrasion

The effectiveness of a microdermabrasion treatment varies depending on the severity of the patient’s skin concern. Review the treatment’s pros and cons to evaluate its potential in resolving your cosmetic issue.

Microdermabrasion ProsMicrodermabrasion Cons
One of the safest, gentlest cosmetic proceduresRequires at least six treatments for meaningful results
Suitable for all skin types and tonesRequires maintenance treatments
Provides a range of benefits, from reduced wrinkles and scars to softer skin and more even skin toneCan’t treat deep wrinkles and folds  
Causes mild, short-lived side effectsCan’t treat sagging skin
A quick and convenient procedureNot suitable for pregnant women and people with active acne, skin conditions (e.g., eczema, rosacea), and cold sores

Pros and Cons of Microneedling

The table below highlights the advantages and disadvantages of microneedling.

Microneedling ProsMicroneedling Cons
Suitable for all skin types and colorsThe results appear slowly
Provides a range of benefits, from reduced wrinkles and scars to sagging skinMore invasive than microdermabrasion  
A low-risk procedureNot suitable for pregnant women and people with bacterial infections, skin conditions, and bleeding disorders
Quick and convenient 
More affordable than laser, Botox, and dermal fillers 

Microdermabrasion vs. Microneedling: How to Choose?

Microdermabrasion and microneedling treat similar cosmetic issues. Microneedling is slightly more aggressive and causes more pain but delivers longer-lasting results and can help with skin laxity. Both procedures are low risk, approved by the FDA, and considered safe when performed by experienced medical providers.

The best way to choose between the two treatments is to let your trusted skin expert evaluate your goals and recommend the most effective treatment plan.

Conclusion

Microdermabrasion and microneedling are popular non-surgical treatments that address various skin concerns caused by aging and sun damage. Both treatments provide impressive results after several sessions.

Book a free consultation with the Vibrant Skin Bar team to determine which treatment better fits your needs.

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About the Author:
Kristina Cadwell
PA Kristina Cadwell graduated from Arizona State University with a Bachelor of Science degree in Biology. She then completed the Physician Assistant program at A.T. Still University graduating with a Masters of Medical Science degree. Kristina has been working in the Aesthetic Medical field for over 10 years. She is certified in neurotoxin cosmetic injection, dermal fillers, Plasma Pen skin tightening, chemical peels, and laser therapy. She is known for producing natural results and has extensive knowledge in diet and exercise allowing her to help you achieve vibrant skin from the inside out.
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